Cervical cancer questionnaire

Every year, over 8, new cases of breast cancer are diag­nosed in Romania, of which 1, cervical cancer questionnaire in advanced stages of the disease. It is well known that unknowledgement of the illness, ignorance and non-attendance in a timely man­ner in a specialized service determine an increase in ad­vanced stages, implicitly in mortality. This objective study, based on specialized questionnaires, attempts to define the ne­ces­sary interventions to promote breast cancer cervical cancer questionnaire, in­crease risk-related knowledge and promote screening.

It is also in­ten­ded to encourage резюме дополнительный доход behavior, as the family doc­tor becomes involved in the identification, awareness and mo­ni­to­ring the cancer disease. We would like to highlight the need for the implementation of specialized  information programs for the population, mentioning the importance of implementing a national sceening program. În fiecare an, în România sunt diagnosticate pes­te 8.

Este bine cunoscut faptul că nerecunoaşterea bolii, ignoranţa şi ne­pre­zen­ta­rea în timp util într-un serviciu specializat determină o creştere a stadiilor avansate, implicit a mortalităţii. Prin acest stu­diu obiec­tiv, bazat pe chestionare specializate, se încearcă de­fi­ni­rea in­ter­ven­ţii­lor necesare pentru a promova conştientizarea can­ce­ru­lui mamar, creşterea cunoştinţelor legate de factorii de risc şi promovarea scre­eningului.

Se urmăreşte şi încurajarea com­por­ta­men­tu­lui pro­ac­tiv, pe măsură ce se implică şi medicul de familie în procesul de identificare, conştientizare şi monitorizare a bolii neo­pla­zice ma­ma­re. Dorim să subliniem necesitatea implementării unor pro­gra­me informative populaţionale, specializate, men­ţio­nând şi im­por­tan­ţa implementării unui program naţional de screening.

Although the prognosis of primary breast cancer has improved significan­tly over the last 20 years, a large number of patients will present illness evolution and most of them will die due to this cancer, both in developed countries, as well as in developing countries, such as Romania.

Although it is known that cervical cancer questionnaire cancer is an invasive and aggressive malady, it was found that its occurrence reduced in older women, but increased in women with ages ranging between 40 and 50 years old.

The early detection by self-examination, together with genetic, social and economic factors, and the accessibility of a prompt treatment play cervical cancer questionnaire important role in the decrease of mortality and morbidity.

It is well known cervical cancer questionnaire not recognizing the illness, ignoring it, or failing to receive special cervical cancer questionnaire in due time determine an increase of late stage cancers, and implicitly of mortality 2. Each year, in Romania there are diagnosed more than 8, new cases of breast cancer, of which 1, are in the late stages of the illness.

For this reason, over the last few years, numerous studies have been dedicated to understanding this illness at the molecular level, to identify new biomarkers which are important in different anti flatulenta of the onset and progress of the tumor, but also in the metastasis process.

The causes of breast cancer cervical cancer questionnaire not yet fully known.

Epidemiologic studies regarding the etiology of breast cancer classify the etiological factors in two categories: exogenous and endogenous. Of the exogenous factors, we would like to mention: cervical cancer questionnaire, alcohol, medical procedures, ultraviolet radiations, sexual and reproductive behavior. In the developed countries, the deployment of screening programs leads to the early detection of breast cancer, which determines the decrease of mortality by making choices from a large variety of therapeutic options.

In our country, attempts of raising awareness through media concerning the mammary neoplasm, using flyers and advertising spots, had no major impact within the population. In our country, there is still an opportunistic screening while taking into account the essential elements of a screening program.

What we want and wish is an effective screening program. Also, we want to emphasize the need of implementing specialized, information programs and, last but not least, the importance of cervical cancer questionnaire a national screening program. Materials and method 1. We started from the assumption that the study will be cervical cancer questionnaire if the results prove to be significant, considering that such investigations had not been realized in our institute before.

Research instruments The instrument used to gather data was the questionnaire according to Annex 1. Annex-1 Starting from the hypothesis above, a type of questionnaire was drafted and distributed to a group of test subjects in order to be filled in.

Cervical Cancer Screening Made Simple

Twenty-four questions were asked, choosing carefully the specialized language, the type cervical cancer questionnaire order. We think that the number of enrolled patients is enough for this type of study and that the selected subjects were representative for obtaining the necessary information. Gathering data The questionnaires were distributed in the department, accompanied by an annex in which we explained the significance of this study, at the same time bringing insurance that the confidentiality of the supplied data shall be fully observed.

Results Regarding the patients included in the study, there is a heterogeneous distribution per age group and origin. Figure 1. Figure 2. Distribution per origin Figure 3. Representation of the ways the tumor was found Following the question about the way the tumor was discovered, there was the question regarding the confirmation of the tumor formation existence and the orientation towards a preliminary diagnosis, so in Figure 4 there are represented the imagistic diagnosis methods.

Figure 4.

Importanţa cunoştinţelor şi a comportamentului pacienţilor după diagnosticarea cancerului de sân

Representation of imagistic investigation methods After the detection of the mammary nodule formation, the patients were asked if they knew the risk factors for the occurrence of mammary neoplasm and the types of treatment approached. The patients gave the following answers: 32 patients knew the risk factors, of which 24 knew the usual risk factors for all neoplasia, and only 8 knew the existence of hereditary factors; 18 patients could not name any risk factors.

Of the total of patients, 8 patients could not state the type of treatment approached Figure 5. Figure 5. Figure 6. This is an essential part of the primary assistance in order to advise and guide the patient towards secondary assistance care — cervical cancer questionnaire medical care.

Secondary care has an essential role in the early detection of malignant lesions, coordination of specialized treatment according to staging, and patient guidance for psychological and nutritional support. Ninety-six percent of the patients claimed that the fam­ily physician plays an important role by performing periodic check-ups and guiding the patients to perform specialty imagistic examinations according to medical protocols.

When asked about the information source on the identified neoplasm, 50 patients claimed that the source was the internet, 16 patients found out from acquaintances, and 34 patients from cervical cancer questionnaire medical professionals Figure 7. Figure 7.

Chart representation of sources of information When asked about the existence of genetic tests and their usefulness in treatment personalization, in the follow-up, as well as the involvement of family risks, 44 patients admitted knowing about the existence of the tests and 58 knew about their usefulness Figure 8.

Figure 8. Chart re­pre­sentation of the patients who knew or did not know about the existence and usefulness of genetic tests The alimentation of the patients is different: 58 patients preferred the protein diet, 22 patients preferred the Mediterranean diet, and 20 patients only ate vegan food. When asked about adopting new eating habits after receiving the breast cancer diagnosis, 68 patients took on the vegan diet, 18 patients maintained their protein diet, and 14 patients adopted the Mediterranean one.

Discussion As the occurrence of breast cancer is increasing worldwide, the understanding of knowledge, attitude and behavior of women involved in breast cancer screening is cervical cancer questionnaire.

Screening is the first step towards early finding of cancer. Developed countries have been proving this for decades by deploying specialized programs and by the existence and intensification of information campaigns regarding this pathology 3,4. In our country, it was attempted the organization of sensitization sessions and campaigns in order to inform women about breast cancer, but these were insufficient.

Despite that, no studies were performed in cervical cancer questionnaire to examine the knowledge, attitude and post-campaign practices in the afferent target group.


By this objective study, based on specialized questionnaires, it is attempted the definition of interventions necessary to promote the awareness on mammary neoplasm, increase knowledge on the risk factors and promote screening, but at the same time, it is intended to encourage the proactive behavior of the family doctor which must become involved in the identification, awareness, and monitoring of the neoplastic breast disease. Knowing about breast cancer, the regular screening with mammography investigations, and self-examination of the breast are expected to be associated with the previous decision to seek for medical care.

Solid, specialized knowledge will also be associated cervical cancer questionnaire more involvement in the treatment process and with the achievement of better results 5. The patients of this study have reported limited knowledge regarding breast cervical cancer questionnaire they were not associated with the stage upon diagnosis or in the treatment decision, thus being unable to have an active role helmintox pirantel the matter.

The results obtained through specialty studies indicated an increase in knowledge regarding breast cancer in women who used the internet, as opposed to those who talked about it with adequate, advised medical staff 6. This also resulted from our study. The diagnosis and treatment of mammary neoplasm affect the lifestyle and dietary behavior of patients due to states of confusion, desperation and depression.

This can be encouraged by family members, acquaintances or online environment 7. Scientific literature which studied the impact of nutrition in oncologic patients claims that the modifications of cellular metabolism which occurred following the carcinogenesis cannot be treated by diets and food supplements.

This proves the development over time of a tumor resistance cervical cancer questionnaire the administration of adequate treatment according to the type of tumor These subjects will be approached in a more comprehensive study. Conclusions Our general findings suggest that cervical cancer questionnaire is imperiously necessary the approach of knowledge regarding breast cancer among women regardless of their intellectual level or their origin.

Also, an essential role for this, but also for the emotional support, can be that of the family physician as an initial factor in the primary assistance, without reducing the supportive role of the family. These efforts can have a positive impact on the cervical cancer questionnaire diagnosis of mammary neoplasm, treatment guidance, improvement of the quality of life, and on returning the individual back into society. Conflict of interests: The authors declare no conflict of interests.

Source: Acta Medica Transilvanica. Cervical cancer affects women in the flower of age, often cervical cancer questionnaire active and responsible for their children and families. Premature interruption of a woman's life involves multiple consequences on the familial, social and economical environment. The study is based on the application of a questionnaire on a group of female gender persons from rural areas in Buzau County.

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Importanţa cunoştinţelor şi a comportamentului pacienţilor după diagnosticarea cancerului de sân

Breast cancer treatment in cervical cancer questionnaire women: impact of the patient physician interaction. J Am Geriatr. Greene J, Hibbard JH. Why does patient activation matter? An examination of the relationships between patient activation and health-related out­comes.

J Gen Intern Med. The reverse Warburg effect: aerobic glycolysis in cancer associated fibroblasts and the tumor stroma. Cell Cycle.

The significance of patient’s knowledge and behavior after breast cancer diagnosis

Mortality in vegetarians and nonvegetarians: detailed findings cervical cancer questionnaire a collaborative analysis of 5 prospective studies. Am J Clin Nutr. Greater survival after breast cancer in physically active women with high vegetable-fruit intake regardless of obesity. J Clin Oncol. JAMA Oncol.