Cervical Cancer, HPV, and Pap Test, Animation
Department of Ophthalmology, Grigore T. E-mail: moc.
We report the detection of HPV 52 in a sample taken from a year-old patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva of the left eye. The method squamous papilloma cytology for the detection of HPV was real time polymerase chain reaction.
Squamous papilloma cytology evolution was favorable after surgical removal of the tumor and the patient was explained that long-term squamous papilloma cytology is essential to avoid recurrence.
Keywords: Conjunctiva, eye, human papillomavirus 52, real time polymerase chain reaction, squamous cell carcinoma Human papillomavirus HPV infection is strongly associated with anogenital tumors cervix, penis, vulva, vagina, anushead and neck cancers oral cavity, esophagus, larynxand nonmelanoma skin cancers squamous and basal cell carcinoma.
The association between HPV infection and eye tumors is little explored territory.
Di Girolamo brings forward a two-hit theory that explains cancerogenesis in OSSN: The first hit is mediated by ultraviolet radiation exposure that causes genetic alteration and the second hit is mediated by HPV infection in the squamous papilloma cytology cells. Case Report We present a unique case of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva examined and treated in June The year-old patient presented at the Ophthalmology Department for mild stinging sensation and redness in the left eye for almost 1-year and a half.
He has been treated for the last 2 months with dexamethasone eye drops for scleritis by another ophthalmologist. The patient admits being a heavy smoker for almost 30 years and that in his free time he squamous papilloma cytology agriculture without using sunglasses.
All other ophthalmological findings were normal. Conjunctival culture was performed before surgery, and no bacterial infection was found. The CT scan of the head and squamous papilloma cytology showed no signs of tumor invasion of the orbit or the lymph nodes.
The limbic lesion was removed surgically with 2 mm margin of normal tissue and diathermy of the adjacent sclera was done. At the end, the remaining temporal defect was restored using a supero-nasal conjunctiva graft fixed in position with interrupted and surjet The excised tumor squamous papilloma cytology cut into 2 fragments: One for pathology preserved in formalin and one for HPV genotyping preserved in Cobas polymerase chain reaction PCR solution and refrigerated at 4°C until processing.
Histopathology exam showed a squamous papilloma cytology differentiated keratinized squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva without koilocytosis [Figs.
Low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions include the categories of mild dysplasia, respectively cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1, and complementary, various descriptors indicating the presence of Human papilloma virus, such as koilocytotic atypia or condilomatous dysplasia. High-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions squamous papilloma cytology consist of moderate and severe dysplasia, respectively cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2, 3 and carcinoma in situ. The purpose of our paper is to analyze the cytological and colposcopic characteristics in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions cervical lesions and to accomplish histological and immunohistochemical correlations in these cervical intraepithelial lesions. Systematic three-step colposcopic squamous papilloma cytology using successively, normal saline with or without green filter, acetic acid and Lugol staining provides enhanced efficiency to the colposcopic examination and allows a more individualized and targeted surgical, medical or expectant management.