The virus infects basal epithelial cells of stratified cancer caused from hpv epithelium. HPV E6 and E7 oncoproteins are the critical molecules in the process of malignant tumour formation. Interacting with various cellular proteins, E6 and E7 influence fundamental cellular functions like cell cycle cancer caused from hpv, telomere maintenance, susceptibility to apoptosis, intercellular adhesion and regulation of immune responses.
Traducere "HPM - Virusul Papiloma uman" în engleză
High-risk E6 and E7 bind to p53 and pRb and inactivate their functions with dysregulation of the cell cycle. Uncontrolled cell proliferation leads to increased risk of genetic instability. Usually, it takes decades for cancer to develop. This review presents the main mechanisms of HPV genome in the carcinogenesis of the uterine cervix. Cancer caused from hpv infectează epiteliile bazale, celule de epiteliu scuamos stratificat.
Înțelesul "HPV" în dicționarul Engleză
Proteinele celulare E6 și E7 influențează fundamental funcțiile celulare, cum ar fi reglarea ciclului celular, întreținerea telomerilor, susceptibilitatea la apoptoză, adeziunea intercelulară și reglarea răspunsurilor imune. E6 și E7 cu grad ridicat de risc se leagă la p53 și PRB și inactivează funcțiile lor cu dereglarea ciclului celular.
Олвин без колебаний выбрал один из них и ступил в. Алистра следовала за ним по пятам. Перистальтическое поле тотчас же подхватило их и понесло, а они, откинувшись -- ни на .
Proliferarea necontrolată a celulelor conduce la un risc crescut de instabilitate genetică. De obicei, este nevoie de zeci de ani pentru a dezvolta un cancer.
Acest review prezintă principalele mecanisme ale genomului HPV în carcinogeneza colului uterin. The most important risk factor in the ethiology of cervical cancer is the persistent infection with a high-risk strain of human papillomavirus.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Statistics - Did You Know?
Materials and methods This general review was conducted based on the AngloSaxone literature from Cancer caused from hpv and Medline to identify the role of HPV genome in the development of cervical cancer. Discussions Genital human papillomavirus HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Although the majority of infections cause no symptoms and are self-limited, persistent infection with high-risk types of HPV is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer precursors and invasive cervical cancer.
The presence of HPV in They are also responsible for others genital neoplasias like vaginal, vulvar, anal, and penian. HPV is a non-enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus from the family of Papillomaviridae, with an 8 kb circular genome composed of six early ORFs open reading frames with role in viral transcription and replication E1, E2, E4, E5, E6, E7two late ORFs L1,2-capsid proteins and cancer caused from hpv non-coding long controlled region LCR that contains a variety of cis elements, which regulate viral replication and gene expression.
Implicarea genomului papiloma virusului uman (hpv) în oncogeneza cancerului cervical
More than HPV types have been identified, and about 40 can infect the genital cancer caused from hpv. Based on their association with cervical cancer and precursor lesions, HPVs are grouped to high-risk 16, 18, 31, 33, 34, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, 73, 82 and low-risk HPV types 6, 11, 42, 43, 44, 54, 61, 70, 72, Natural history Most genital HPV infections are benign, subclinical, and self-limited, and a high proportion of infections associated with low-grade cervical dysplasias also regress spontaneously 1.
By contrast, persistent cervical infection infection detected more than once in an interval of 6 months or longer with an oncogenic HPV type, especially HPV 16 and HPV 18, is the most important risk factor for progression to high-grade dysplasia, a precancerous lesion that should be treated to prevent the development of invasive cancer 2.
HPV is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for the development of cervical cancer. Cofactors associated with cervical cancer include: cigarette smoking, increased parity, increased age, other sexually transmitted infections, immune suppression, long-term oral contraceptive use, and other host factors.
Schematic representation of the HPV double-stranded circular DNA genome Journal of Virology Nov HPV integration into the host genome and Papillomavirus life cycle To establish infection, the virus must infect basal epithelial cells of stratified squamous epithelium, that are long lived or have stem cell-like properties. Microtrauma of the suprabasal epidermal cells enables the virus to infect the cell within the basal layer. Once inside the host cancer caused from hpv, HPV DNA replicates as the basal cells differentiate and progress to the surface of the epithelium.
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The viral genome maintains itself as an episome in basal cells, where the viral genes are poorly expressed. In the differentiated keratinocytes of cancer caused from hpv suprabasal layers of the epithelium, the virus switches to a rolling-circle mode of DNA replication, amplifies its DNA to high copy number, synthesizes capsid proteins, and causes viral assembly to occur 3.
HPM - Virusul Papiloma uman - Traducere în engleză - exemple în română | Reverso Context
HPV needs host cell factors to regulate viral transcription and replication. Their function is to subvert the cell growth-regulatory pathways by binding and inactivating tumor suppressor proteins, cell cyclins, and cyclin-dependent kinases and modify the cellular environment in order to facilitate viral replication in a cell that is terminally differentiated and has exited the cell cycle 4.
Cell growth is regulated by two cellular proteins: the tumor suppressor protein, p53, and the retinoblastoma gene product, pRB. Unlike in many other cancers, the p53 in cervical cancer is usually wild type and is not mutated.
E6 binds to p53 via a cellular ubiquitin ligase named E6AP, so that it becomes ubiquitinated, leading to cancer caused from hpv and down-regulation of pathways involved in cycle arrest and apoptosis.
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Планы его все еще были несколько туманны, но он не подвергался никакому риску, пока у него сохранялись дружественные отношения с обитателями Лиза.
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Кое-где еще можно было распознать часть массивной стены; два резных обелиска обозначали некогда величественный портал.
- HPV - Definiția și sinonimele HPV în dicționarul Engleză
This degradation has the same effect as an inactivating mutation. It is likely that ubiquitin ligase E6AP is a key player not only in the degradation of p53 but also in the activation of telomerase and cell transformation by E6 5. The E7 binds to retinoblastoma RBphosphorylating and therefore inactivating it 4.
Traducerea «HPV» în 25 de limbi
Also it binds to other mitotically interactive cellular proteins such as cyclin E. Rb prevents inhibiting progression from the gap phase to the synthesis phase of the G1 mytotic cycle. When E7 binds to and degrades Rb protein, it is no longer functional and cell proliferation is left unchecked.
The outcome is stimulation of cellular DNA synthesis and cell proliferation.
Aceste exemple pot conține termeni colocviali. Traducere "HPM - Virusul Papiloma uman" în engleză human papilloma virus Alte traduceri Evident, au fost aplicaţii practice incredibile asociate cu lumea aceasta - cum ar fi eradicarea variolei, introducerea vaccinului împotriva cancerului cervical, despre care ştim acum că este produs de HPM - Virusul Papiloma uman. And obviously there's been tremendous practical applications associated with this world - things like the eradication of smallpox, the advent of a vaccine against cervical cancer, which we now know is mostly caused by human papillomavirus.
The net result of both viral products, E6 and E7, is dysregulation of the cell cycle, allowing cells with genomic defects to enter the S-phase DNA replication phase. These oncoproteins have also been shown to promote chromosomal instability as well as to induce cell growth and immortalize cells.
Next, the Cancer caused from hpv gene product induces an increase in mitogen-activated protein kinase activity, thereby enhancing cellular responses to growth and differentiation factors.
Sinonimele și antonimele HPV în dicționarul de sinonime Engleză
This results in continuous proliferation and delayed differentiation of the host cell. The E1 and E2 gene products are synthesized next, with important role in the genomic replication. Through its interaction with E2, E1 is recruited to the replication origin oriwhich is essential for the initiation of viral DNA replication. E2 also contributes to the segregation of viral Cancer caused from hpv in the cell division process by tethering the viral DNA to the host chromosome through interaction with Brd4.
Segregation of the viral genome is essential to maintain the HPV infection in the basal cells, cancer caused from hpv which the copy number of the viral genome is very low. Then, a putative late promoter activates the capsid genes, L1 and L2 6.
Viral particles are assembled in the nucleus, and complete virions are released as the cornified layers of the epithelium. The E4 viral protein may contribute directly to virus egress in the upper epithelial layer by disturbing keratin integrity.
In the replication process, viral DNA becomes established throughout the entire thickness of the epithelium but intact virions are found only in the upper layers of the tissue.
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This leads to acanthosis, parakeratosis, hyperkeratosis, and deepening of rete ridges, creating the typical papillomatous cytoarchitecture seen histologically. Oncogenesis of HPV Infection with high-risk HPV types interferes with the function of cell proteins and also with the expression of cellular gene products.
Microarray analysis of cells infected with HPV has shown that cellular genes are up-regulated and cellular genes are down-regulated by HPV 7.